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As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, or RTF document file format.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.

FORMATTING GUIDELINES


Page Formatting



  • The entire paper shall use Times new Roman as the font style, the font size will be 12.

  • The page layout for the entire paper should be set to normal (1” in all the dimensions).

  • Line spacing will be 1.15 except the abstract content and the author affiliations which will use line spacing of 1.0.


 


 Title and authors



  • The title of the paper is centered below the top of the page in 12 point font, times new roman, uppercase, and bold.



  • All body paragraphs (except the beginning of a section/sub-section) should have the first line indented about 3.6 mm, justified, with a line spacing of 1.15.



  • Right below the title (separated by single line spacing) are the names of the authors. The font size for the authors is 12pt, times new roman, bold, align text center, capitalize each word.

  • Author affiliations shall be in 12pt, times new roman, bold, align text center, capitalize each word, linespacing 1.0.


 


Section Heading and Body Paragraphs



  • Your paper should be divided into four major sections: Abstract, Introduction, Literature Review, Methodology, Findings and Discussion, Conclusions and Recommendation, and then the references. All these section heads must be written in Times New Roman, 12, bold, Align Text Center, and Uppercase.

  • All the sub-section headings must be written in Times New Roman, 12, bold, Align Text left, and capitalize each word, and well numbered. g


Figures and Tables


Place illustrations (figures, tables, drawings, and photographs) throughout the paper at the places where they are first discussed in the text, rather than at the end of the paper. Number illustrations sequentially (but number tables separately). Place the illustration numbers and caption under the illustration in 12pt font. Do not allow illustrations to extend into the other page. If your figure has two parts, include the labels “(a)” and “(b)”. Figures and tables borrowed from other research studies should be well referenced


 


Figure 1: Testing data- load current (amperes)


Source: Syz(2017)


Figure Checklist



  • Is the figure necessary?

  • Is the figure simple, clean, and free of extraneous detail?

  • Are the data plotted accurately?

  • Is the grid scale correctly proportioned?

  • Is the lettering large and dark enough to read? Is the lettering compatible in size with the rest of the figure?

  • Are parallel figures or equally important figures prepared according to the same scale?

  • Are terms spelled correctly?

  • Are all abbreviations and symbols explained in a figure legend or figure caption? Are the symbols, abbreviations, and terminology in the figure consistent with those in the figure caption? In other figures? In the text?

  • Are the figures numbered consecutively with Arabic numerals?

  • Are all figures mentioned in the text?


 


3.1              Tables



  • Place table titles below the tables.

  • Data in a table that would require only two or fewer columns and rows should be presented in the text.

  • More complex data is better presented in tabular format. In order for quantitative data to be presented clearly and efficiently, it must be arranged logically, e.g. data to be compared must be presented next to one another (before/after, young/old, male/female, etc.), and statistical information (means, standard deviations, N values) must be presented in separate parts of the table. If possible, use canonical forms (such as ANOVA, regression, or correlation) to communicate your data effectively.

  • Number all tables with arabic numerals sequentially. Do not use suffix letters (e.g. Table 3a, 3b, 3c); instead, combine the related tables. If the manuscript includes an appendix with tables, identify them with capital letters and arabic numerals (e.g. Table A1, Table B2).

  • Like the title of the paper itself, each table must have a clear and concise title. 

  • Keep headings clear and brief. The heading should not be much wider than the widest entry in the column. Use of standard abbreviations can aid in achieving that goal. All columns must have headings, even the stub column (see example structure), which customarily lists the major independent variables.

  • In reporting the data, consistency is key: Numerals should be expressed to a consistent number of decimal places that is determined by the precision of measurement. Never change the unit of measurement or the number of decimal places in the same column.


 





















Margin



A4 Paper



US Letter Paper


Left



18.5 mm



14.5 mm (0.58 in)



Right



18mm



13 mm (0.51 in)



Table 1: Margin specifications


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


SPECIFIC TYPES OF TABLES


ANOVA Table


Present the Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) Tables as shown below.  








































Table header



Stubhead



df



F



ɳ



P



Row1



1



0.77



.23



.23



Row2



2



0.74



.32



.32



Rown



n



0.34



.77



.77



This is where the authors provide an extra information important to the data such as the p value : significant at *p<.05, two-tailed;  **p<.01,two-tailed;  +++p<.001, one-tailed.


Note:  Consistently use the same number of asterisks for a given alpha level throughout your paper. If you need to distinguish between two-tailed and one-tailed tests in the same table, use asterisks for two-tailed p values and an alternate symbol (such as daggers) for one-tailed p values.


 



Table caption goes here


 


Mean square errors must be enclosed in parentheses. Provide a general note to the table to explain what those values mean Use asterisks to identify statistically significant F ratios, and provide a probability footnote.


 


 


Regression Table


Conventional reporting of regression analysis follows two formats.




































Regression Table Header



Stubhead



B



SE B



β



Row 1



-2.34



1.67



-.56



Row 2



0.44



0.21



.65



Row n



0.76



0.81



.21



Notes. R2=.21(ps<.05)



Table caption goes here


 


If the study is purely applied, list only the raw or unstandardized coefficients (B). If the study is purely theoretical, list only the standardized coefficients (beta). If the study was neither purely applied nor theoretical, then list both standardized and unstandardized coefficents. Specify the type of analysis, either hierarchical or simultaneous, and provide the increments of change if you used hierarchical regression.


 


Table Checklist



  • Is the table necessary?

  • Is the entire table single- or double-spaced (including the title, headings, and notes)?

  • Are all comparable tables presented consistently?

  • Is the title brief but explanatory?

  • Does every column have a column heading?

  • Are all abbreviations; special use of italics, parentheses, and dashes; and special symbols explained?

  • Are all probability level values correctly identified, and are asterisks attached to the appropriate table entries? Is a probability level assigned the same number of asterisks in all the tables in the same document?

  • Are the notes organized according to the convention of general, specific, probability?

  • Are all vertical rules eliminated?

  • If the table or its data are from another source, is the source properly cited?

  • Is the table referred to in the text?


 


Equations


If you are using Word, use either the Microsoft Equation Editor or the MathType add-on (http://www.mathtype.com) for equations in your paper (Insert | Object | Create New | Microsoft Equation or MathType Equation). “Float over text” should not be selected.


Number equations consecutively with equation numbers in parentheses flush with the right margin, as in (1). First use the equation editor to create the equation. Then select the “Equation” markup style. Press the tab key and write the equation number in parentheses.